Thursday, October 31, 2013

RL 6.9 - RI 6.9 Station Information (Math Conference)

Essential Skills/Concepts Related to RL/RI 6.9
Genres: Fiction or Nonfiction?

FICTION IS A story an author makes up.

Nonfiction is information based on facts about the real world.

Here are some ways you can tell the difference.

Fiction
Nonfiction
has at least one character
may or may not have characters
characters may or may not be real and may or may not be human
any character is or was alive
often uses dates and statistics
has a story: a plot or series of events
may or may not have a story
may be about real or imaginary places and events
always about real places or events, tells dates when events happened

Sometimes, fiction may seem like nonfiction because the author writes about people, places, or events that you know are real.

Example
The astronaut left the life capsule and followed the slimy tracks across the surface of Mars.

Example
Did you ever wonder if there really could be life on Mars? Yesterday, scientists at NASA sent a space probe to find out.

Genre is a word that means “kind” or “variety.” There are many different genres of fiction and nonfiction.

Here’s how to identify a few.

Genre
Fiction/Nonfiction
Identifying Elements
Autobiography
Nonfiction
Story about a person’s life written by that person
Biography
Nonfiction
Story about a person’s life written by someone else
Blog
Nonfiction
Personal journal on the Internet
Encyclopedia
Nonfiction
Facts and statistics about people, places, and things
Fable
Fiction
Old story that teaches a moral, or lesson
Fairytale
Fiction
Story about make-believe beings and events
Folktale
Fiction
Story passed from generation to generation
Journal
Nonfiction
Personal stories about events in real life
Legend
Fiction
Larger-than-life story told as if it were true
Magazine
Nonfiction
Articles, stories, and other features
Mystery
Fiction/Nonfiction
Story about unexplained happenings
Myth
Fiction
Very old story that “explains” something in nature
Newspaper
Nonfiction
Facts about what’s happening in the world
Novel
Fiction
Long story, usually in chapters
Play
Fiction
Dialogue and directions for actors, scenes, and acts
Poetry
Fiction
Has rhythm, may rhyme, may have stanzas (sections)
Science Fiction
Fiction
Story about effects of science on society
Short Story
Fiction
Can be read in one session
Textbook
Nonfiction
Information about a school subject


  
Essential Skills/Concepts Related to RL/RI 6.9
Compare and Contrast

SOME AUTHORS USE a compare-and-contrast text structure to organize ideas. To compare, they tell how things are alike; to contrast, they tell how things are different. Words like same, different, some, all, every, also, but, both, or many signal to readers that the author is using a compare-and-contrast structure.

Compare: Every student in the school wore the same blue uniform.
Contrast: They may have to wear uniforms, but we don’t!

Authors don’t always use signal words. Then, readers must figure out what’s being compared or contrasted.

Example
The DJ played classic rock and everyone agreed the music was cool . . . or as some put it, “fierce!” How could I tell my new friends that I preferred country-western?

Many times things can be alike in one or more ways but still be different. In the preceding example, rock and country-western are alike because both are kinds of music, but they are different in style and rhythm. A Venn diagram can help you keep track of likenesses and differences as you read.

Example
Marissa and Matthew are twins, but she has dark hair and he’s a blond. Everyone in their family has brown eyes. Matthew plays drums and Marissa plays guitar in the school band. They both sing and want to start a rock group.



Marissa
girl
dark hair
plays guitar

Both
brown eyes
in band
sing
want rock group
Matthew
boy
blond
plays drum


  
Extension Activity for RL 6.9

·         In a paragraph, describe how The Absolute Value of Mike would differ if changed from a novel to another fictional genre.  In your paragraph, name the genre that you would switch to instead of the novel.  Your paragraph should be 5-6 sentences.

Example

The Absolute Value of Mike would differ if the genre was changed from the novel to _________ because _________.                                                                                                        (new genre)


  Extension Activity for RI 6.9

·         Compare and Contrast Graphic Organizer